Tuesday, 21 July 2015

Ms Excel Function Categories Explained



Ms Excel Function Categories Explained
There are many categories of functions in Excel. Each category has specific functions that pertain to that category.

·         Financial: Performs common business calculations including accounting and finance.
·         Date & Time: Performs functions involving date or time data.
·         Math & Trig: Performs simple to complex mathematical functions.
·         Statistical: Performs statistical analysis on ranges of data.
·         Lookup & Reference: Finds values in a corresponding table or list and incorporates the data into the calculation.
·         Database: Performs a function only on data that meets a criterion.
·         Text: Allows text to be manipulated within a calculation that also contains data.
·         Logical: Performs what-if analysis to see if a condition is true or false.
·         Information: Performs an analysis on a range of data to determine the type of data contained in a cell.
Cube functions
Function                                        Description
CUBEKPIMEMBER                  Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.
CUBEMEMBER                         Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY   Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER       Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.
CUBESET                                    Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT                     Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE                             Returns an aggregated value from a cube.

Database functions
Function           Description
DAVERAGE   Returns the average of selected database entries
DCOUNT         Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA      Counts nonblank cells in a database
DGET               Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DMAX              Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN               Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DPRODUCT   Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV          Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP       Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM               Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DVAR               Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP            Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

Date and time functions
Function                     Description
DATE                        Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEVALUE          Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAY                           Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS360                   Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
EDATE                      Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EOMONTH               Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
HOUR                        Converts a serial number to an hour
MINUTE                   Converts a serial number to a minute
MONTH                    Converts a serial number to a month
NETWORKDAYS   Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NOW                          Returns the serial number of the current date and time
SECOND                   Converts a serial number to a second
TIME                         Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE           Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
TODAY                     Returns the serial number of today's date
WEEKDAY              Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM              Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WORKDAY              Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
YEAR                        Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC             Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

Engineering functions
Function                   Description
BESSELI                 Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ                 Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK                Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY                Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BIN2DEC                Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX                Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT                Converts a binary number to octal
COMPLEX             Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONVERT              Converts a number from one measurement system to another
DEC2BIN                Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX               Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT               Converts a decimal number to octal
DELTA                    Tests whether two values are equal
ERF                          Returns the error function
ERFC                       Returns the complementary error function
GESTEP                  Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
HEX2BIN                Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC               Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT               Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
IMABS                     Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY         Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT     Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE   Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS                     Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMDIV                     Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP                     Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN                       Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10                Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2                  Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER              Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT         Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL                 Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSIN                      Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSQRT                  Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB                     Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM                    Returns the sum of complex numbers
OCT2BIN                Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC               Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX               Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

Financial functions
Function                Description
ACCRINT            Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM         Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
AMORDEGRC    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC         Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
COUPDAYBS      Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS         Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC   Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD           Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM          Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD            Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
CUMIPMT           Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC         Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DB                          Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DDB                       Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DISC                      Returns the discount rate for a security
DOLLARDE        Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR         Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DURATION         Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
EFFECT               Returns the effective annual interest rate
FV                          Returns the future value of an investment
FVSCHEDULE    Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
INTRATE             Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT                     Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR                        Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISPMT                   Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment
MDURATION      Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100
MIRR                    Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
NOMINAL            Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NPER                    Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV                       Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
ODDFPRICE       Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD       Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE       Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD       Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
PMT                       Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
PPMT                    Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE                   Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC         Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT         Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PV                          Returns the present value of an investment
RATE                    Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED          Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
SLN                        Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SYD                       Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
TBILLEQ             Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE      Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD      Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
VDB                       Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
XIRR                     Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV                    Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
YIELD                   Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC         Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT         Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

Information functions
Function               Description
CELL                   Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell
ERROR.TYPE   Returns a number corresponding to an error type
INFO                    Returns information about the current operating environment
ISBLANK            Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERR                 Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISERROR           Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISEVEN               Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISLOGICAL       Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA                    Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISNONTEXT      Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER        Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISODD                 Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISREF                  Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
ISTEXT               Returns TRUE if the value is text
N                           Returns a value converted to a number
NA                        Returns the error value #N/A
TYPE                   Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

Logical functions
Function       Description
AND             Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
FALSE         Returns the logical value FALSE
IF                  Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR   Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
NOT             Reverses the logic of its argument
OR                Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE
TRUE           Returns the logical value TRUE

Lookup and reference functions
Function             Description
ADDRESS         Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AREAS              Returns the number of areas in a reference
CHOOSE           Chooses a value from a list of values
COLUMN         Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS       Returns the number of columns in a reference
HLOOKUP        Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HYPERLINK   Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
INDEX               Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT       Returns a reference indicated by a text value
LOOKUP           Looks up values in a vector or array
MATCH            Looks up values in a reference or array
OFFSET            Returns a reference offset from a given reference
ROW                  Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS                Returns the number of rows in a reference
RTD                   Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation
TRANSPOSE   Returns the transpose of an array
VLOOKUP        Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

Math and trigonometry functions
Function                    Description
ABS                            Returns the absolute value of a number
ACOS                        Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH                     Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ASIN                          Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH                       Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN                        Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2                      Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH                     Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
CEILING                  Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
COMBIN                   Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COS                           Returns the cosine of a number
COSH                        Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
DEGREES                Converts radians to degrees
EVEN                        Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXP                           Returns e raised to the power of a given number
FACT                        Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE       Returns the double factorial of a number
FLOOR                     Rounds a number down, toward zero
GCD                           Returns the greatest common divisor
INT                            Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
LCM                          Returns the least common multiple
LN                              Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG                           Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10                       Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
MDETERM              Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MINVERSE              Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MMULT                    Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD                          Returns the remainder from division
MROUND                 Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL     Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
ODD                           Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
PI                                Returns the value of pi
POWER                    Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PRODUCT               Multiplies its arguments
QUOTIENT              Returns the integer portion of a division
RADIANS                 Converts degrees to radians
RAND                        Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN   Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
ROMAN                    Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
ROUND                     Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN        Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP               Rounds a number up, away from zero
SERIESSUM            Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SIGN                          Returns the sign of a number
SIN                             Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH                          Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SQRT                         Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI                     Returns the square root of (number * pi)
SUBTOTAL             Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUM                           Adds its arguments
SUMIF                       Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS                    Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT      Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ                     Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2             Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2              Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2               Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
TAN                           Returns the tangent of a number
TANH                        Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TRUNC                     Truncates a number to an integer
Statistical functions
Function                    Description
AVEDEV                  Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE               Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA            Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF           Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS         Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.
BETADIST               Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETAINV                 Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BINOMDIST            Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
CHIDIST                   Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV                     Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHITEST                  Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE        Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CORREL                  Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COUNT                     Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA                  Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK      Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF                 Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS               Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COVAR                     Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
CRITBINOM           Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
DEVSQ                      Returns the sum of squares of deviations
EXPONDIST            Returns the exponential distribution
FDIST                        Returns the F probability distribution
FINV                          Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FISHER                     Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV             Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FORECAST             Returns a value along a linear trend
FREQUENCY          Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
FTEST                       Returns the result of an F-test
GAMMADIST          Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMAINV            Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN             Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GEOMEAN              Returns the geometric mean
GROWTH                 Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN              Returns the harmonic mean
HYPGEOMDIST     Returns the hypergeometric distribution
INTERCEPT            Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
KURT                        Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LARGE                     Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LINEST                     Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LOGEST                   Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGINV                   Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution
LOGNORMDIST     Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
MAX                          Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA                       Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MEDIAN                   Returns the median of the given numbers
MIN                           Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINA                        Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MODE                       Returns the most common value in a data set
NEGBINOMDIST   Returns the negative binomial distribution
NORMDIST             Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMINV               Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST           Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV             Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
PEARSON                Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE         Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT                  Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
POISSON                  Returns the Poisson distribution
PROB                        Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
QUARTILE              Returns the quartile of a data set
RANK                        Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RSQ                           Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
SKEW                        Returns the skewness of a distribution
SLOPE                      Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL                     Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
STANDARDIZE      Returns a normalized value
STDEV                      Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA                   Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVP                   Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEVPA                Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX                      Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
TDIST                       Returns the Student's t-distribution
TINV                         Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
TREND                     Returns values along a linear trend
TRIMMEAN            Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
TTEST                      Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
VAR                           Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA                        Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARP                        Calculates variance based on the entire population
VARPA                     Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WEIBULL                Returns the Weibull distribution
ZTEST                       Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test
Text functions
Function                            Description
ASC                                   Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
BAHTTEXT                    Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
CHAR                               Returns the character specified by the code number
CLEAN                             Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE                               Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
CONCATENATE           Joins several text items into one text item
DOLLAR                          Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format
EXACT                             Checks to see if two text values are identical
FIND, FINDB                  Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FIXED                              Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
JIS                                     Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
LEFT, LEFTB                 Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENB                     Returns the number of characters in a text string
LOWER                            Converts text to lowercase
MID, MIDB                      Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
PHONETIC                      Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PROPER                          Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
REPLACE, REPLACEB    Replaces characters within text
REPT                                Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTB            Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
SEARCH, SEARCHB    Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SUBSTITUTE                 Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
T                                        Converts its arguments to text
TEXT                                Formats a number and converts it to text
TRIM                                Removes spaces from text
UPPER                             Converts text to uppercase
VALUE                             Converts a text argument to a number

Propellerads